Sanitary Landfill: A method of disposing of solid waste on land without creating nuisances or hazards to public health or safety, by utilizing the principles of engineering to confine the solid waste Waste and Water Environmental Engineering Sanitary Landfill Design Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Roland Haubrichs email@example.com tel: +49 2011832743 fax: +49 2011833465 University of Duisburg-Essen www.uni-due.de/waste Waste and Water Environmental Engineerin
. Over the years, with the advancement of science and technology, design, operation, and maintenance of sanitary landfills have greatly improved resulting in facilities that are efficient, environmentally compatible, and fre Sanitary landfill, method of controlled disposal of municipal solid waste (refuse) on land. The method was introduced in England in 1912 (where it is called controlled tipping). Waste is deposited in thin layers (up to 1 metre, or 3 feet) and promptly compacted by heavy machinery (e.g., bulldozers); several layers are placed and compacted on top of each other to form a refuse cell (up to 3 metres, or 10 feet, thick). At the end of each day the compacted refuse cell is covered with a layer of. Small sanitary landfills for camps of 15,000 or fewer, or sanitary landfills handling 46 tons of solid wastes per day or less, can operate successfully with one tractor of the 5- to 15-ton range. Heavier equipment in the 15- to 30-ton range or larger can handle more waste and achieve better compaction. Heavy equipment is recommended for sanitary landfill sites serving more than 15,000 people or handling more than 4
Solid wastes sanitary landfills Solid wastes sanitary landfills process is simple, clean and effective. In this procedure, layers are compressed with some mechanical equipment and covered with earth, leveled, and compacted. A deep trench of 3 to 5 m is excavated and micro-organisms act on the organic matter and degrade them. In this procedure, refuse depth is generally limited to 2m. A municipal solid waste landfill (MSWLF) is a discrete area of land or excavation that receives household waste. A MSWLF may also receive other types of nonhazardous wastes, such as commercial solid waste, nonhazardous sludge, conditionally exempt small quantity generator waste, and industrial nonhazardous solid waste. In 2009, there were approximately 1,908 MSWLFs in the continental United States all managed by the states where they are located Solid waste is then methodically placed within the excavated area, compacted, and covered at the end of each day with previously excavated material. Because of the need to install landfill control measures (e.g., liners), a number of trenches are typically excavated at one time
Figure I-3 Flowchart of Procedures for Carrying Out the EIA for the Sanitary Landfill Projects in the Philippines I-30 Figure I-4 Example (1): Sanitary Landfill Layout Plan (Calbayog City)..... I-3 . The Glossary contains detailed explanations and definitions of all technical and scientific terms used in these guidelines. Environmental Guidelines: Solid Waste Landfills, Second edition 2016 2 The legislative context in New South Wales (a) The Protection of the.
.1 The landfill studied in 1949 was described as follows: Refuse was dropped and spread out over a large area to allow scavengers easy access What is a Sanitary Landfill? Sanitary landfills are sites where waste is isolated from the environment until it is safe. It is considered when it has completely degraded biologically, chemically and physically. In high-income countries, the level of isolation achieved may be high. However, such an expensive high level of isolation may not be technically necessary to protect public health. Four basic conditions should be met before a site can be regarded as a sanitary landfill (see following. Residual wastes are solid waste materials that are non-compostable and non-recyclable. It should be disposed ecologically through a long-term disposal facility or sanitary landfill. Examples are: • Sanitary napkins • Disposable diapers • Worn-out rugs ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT WHAT IS SOLID WASTE ? CLASSIFICATION OF SOLID WASTE DBO Contract for sanitary landfill (EN) and bidding documents using World Bank procedures) for sanitary landfill and solid waste facility (on World Bank procurement Web site) There are a number of sample or model contracts in the public domain that have been developed around the world, a selection of which are set out below: Australi The term 'sanitary' landfill has been extensively used in the past to describe MSW disposal units constructed on the basis of 'dump and cover' but with no protection against ground water pollution. Such landfills do not fall under the term 'municipal solid waste landfills' as used in this chapter. 17.1.2 Landfilling of Municipal Solid Waste (a) Landfilling will be done for the.
The Army did not adopt sanitary lan dfilling as a solid waste disposal practice until 1942, when published instructions recommende d that refuse be compacted i nto trenches and covered daily with soil. I n 1946, the Army published TM 5- 63 4, which provided specific guidance. At that time, the primary emphasis of waste disposal was to reduce garbage odors and blowing litter and to control. Sanitary Landfills - landfill that uses a clay liner to isolate the trash from the environment Municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills - uses a synthetic (plastic) liner to isolate the trash from the environment Construction and demolition waste landfills - consist of the debris generated during the construction, renovation, and demolition of buildings, roads, and bridges. Industrial Waste Landfills- consists of nonhazardous waste associated with manufacturing and other industrial. . There were more stringent standards for larger Type I landfills. A January 3, 2017 rule change eliminated landfill classifications and all municipal solid waste landfills are now treated alike The modern sanitary landfill is truly an important component of today's integrated solid waste management system. However, in order to advance the field of solid waste management, new and innovative ways of managing solid waste disposal need to be continually evaluated. One idea that has gained significant attention in the last several years is the bioreactor landfill. The concept is.
The sanitary landfill is an engineered facility that separates and confines waste. Sanitary landfills are intended as biological reactors (bioreactors) in which microbes will break down complex organic waste into simpler, less toxic compounds over time. These reactors must be designed and operated according to regulatory standards and guidelines (See environmental engineering). Usually, aerobic decomposition is the first stage by which wastes are broken down in a landfill. These. Today, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) creates the framework for the proper management of all types of solid waste. Subtitle D of RCRA establishes the stringent design, operation, and closure requirements for sanitary landfills. Subtitle D does not allow new landfills to be built in environmentally sensitive areas. A modern sanitary landfill is a complex structure that.
For example, changes in operating method may include using a forklift to position bales in a trench or eliminating cover material on the exposed vertical faces of the bales (Solid waste landfill operator handbook, 2007). V Design Criteria for Sanitary Landfills Criteria for access, buffer distance, fencing, ditching, slopes, leachate handling, monitoring and operating procedures, are normally. Ve los libros recomendados de tu género preferido. Envío gratis a partir de $59 Solid waste is then methodically placed within the excavated area, compacted, and covered at the end of each day with previously excavated material. Because of the need to install landfill control measures (e.g., liners), a number of trenches are typically excavated at one time. Trenches are made 20 to 25 feet wide and at least twice as wide as any compacting equipment used. The depth of fill. Sanitary Landfill: Solid Waste to Energy Project Local Partner Organization Geography and Population Tanjung Pinang Municipality Tanjung Pinang is the capital of Riau Islands Province. Area: 239.5 km2, Population: 229,396 Contact Information Department of Planning Heni Aritono Contact: +6281372317799 firstname.lastname@example.org Project Coordinator Nisa I'istiqomah Nidasari ICLEI SEAS Contact. I had an opportunity to visit pulau Pinang, Malaysia. It was a programme arranged by the German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) to showcase a sanitary landfill. Thanks to them. Frankly, it was an amazing experience to see how solid waste is managed in Penang. So, below are some pictures of Pulau Pinang Sanitary Landfill
Therefore, the present study aims to identify the optimal sanitary landfill site for solid waste disposal in Durgapur city of India, in combining with GIS and the analytic hierarchy process (AHP). The Arc-GIS software includes the spatial analysis function which facilitates the identification and collection of spatial data, weighing of criteria with AHP, data integration and GIS analysis, and. Landfill Systems, Sanitary Landfilling of Solid Wastes, and Long‐Term Problems with Leachate. Kai‐Uwe Heyer. Ingenieurbüro für Abfallwirtschaft, Bleicherweg 6, 21073 Hamburg, Germany. Search for more papers by this author . Rainer Stegmann. Arbeitsbereich Abfallwirtschaft, TU Hamburg‐Harburg, Harburger Schloßstr. 37, 21079 Hamburg, Germany. Search for more papers by this author. Kai.
Bantan Waste-to-Energy model is an example of converting burden (solid waste) into resource for electricity production - solving environment and social problem while achieving profitable ecological business model. LANDFILL AND ITS ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIAL IMPACT. LANDFILL AND ITS ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIAL IMPACT. LANDFILL AND ITS ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIAL IMPACT. LANDFILL AND ITS ENVIRONMENT AND. A municipal solid waste landfill (MSWLF) is a discrete area of land or excavation that receives household waste. A MSWLF may also receive other types of nonhazardous wastes, such as commercial solid waste, nonhazardous sludge, conditionally exempt small quantity generator waste, and industrial nonhazardous solid waste. In 2009, there were approximately 1,908 MSWLFs in the continental United. In 1965, with the passage of the Solid Waste Disposal Act, the USPHS accelerated its efforts to introduce sanitary landfill practices in the US. USPHS training programs were expanded to provide techniques for closing open dumps and designing and operating landfills to meet the 1961 guidelines. New publications were developed to better explain the sanitary landfill to regulators, designers. ----- solid waste decomposition A knowledge of solid waste decomposition pro- cesses and the many influences they exert is essen- tial to proper sanitary landfill site selection and design. Solid wastes deposited in a landfill degrade chemically and biologically to produce solid, liquid, and gaseous products. Ferrous and other metals are oxidized; organic and inorganic wastes are utilized by.
The construction of a sanitary landfill for final solid waste disposal is proposed. This method uses engineering principles to confine the waste in the smallest possible area, covering it daily with layers of dirt and compacting it to reduce its volume. In addition, it anticipates problems that might be caused by liquids and gases produced in the landfill by the decomposition of organic. Design of Long Term Solutions for Solid Waste Management Sanitary landfills . Landfill design - General information • Dimensioning the landfill (waste quantity, example for 20 yrs.) • Design of the whole infrastructure (like access road, buildings, electric power supply, drinking water supply, all internal roads, weighbridge, workshop etc.) • To decide which bottom liner system is the. This sanitary landfill method is the final-stage in physical treatment of solid waste. There are two main types of landfill in general. 2.1) SANITARY LANDFILL, is suitable for non-hazardous solid waste and municipal solid waste. 2.2) SECURE LANDFILL, is suitable for industrial and hazardous solid waste which are pretreated to the stabilization and solidification stage before entering the. Sanitary landfill: In this method, the waste is packed and dumped daily at the site and is covered with earth to prevent insects or rodents from entering into the landfill. The waste then is subjected to bacterial decomposition. Dumping of wastes - definition Dumping or Land Filling is an old way of disposing off wastes. It is an easy method of disposal of dry refuse. In this process, solid.
SANITARY LANDFILL DESIGN Site Location Requirements The disposal site shall: (1) be easily access- ible in any kind of weather to all vehicles expected to use it; (2) safeguard against water pollution originating from the disposed solid waste; (3) safeguard against uncontrolled gas movement originating from the disposed solid waste; (4) have an adequate quantity of earth cover material that is. Our disposal facility at Sitio Kalangitan, Clark Special Economic Zone, is a Sanitary Landfill as stated under the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act, RA 9003 and is permitted through the DENR by ECC 0012-704-213. Our ECC states specifically that we are allowed to dispose all kind of waste except liquid, hazardous and medical waste
Municipal Solid Waste. Name of Agreement: Sample Contract to Design Build and Operate a Solid Waste Disposal Facility Type of Agreement: Design-Build-Operate (DBO) Contract. Region (if known): Middle East and North Africa. Year of Agreement/ Draft: 2011 as a sample standardized contract for a country in North Africa. Principal Author(s) (firm and contact person): Annotated by: V. Delmon, LEGPS. Sanitary Landfills - landfill that uses a clay liner to isolate the trash from the environment Municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills - uses a synthetic (plastic) liner to isolate the trash from the environment Construction and demolition waste landfills - consist of the debris generated during the construction, renovation, and demolition of buildings, roads, and bridges. Industrial Waste. Waste type shares can differ between different cities and municipalities, as well as sectors and businesses. More Information On Most Common Types Of Waste Found In Landfills. United States. Most common Municipal Solid Waste generated in 2015 (in the US in total - landfill, recycling, composting etc.) was (per EPA.gov): - Waste Generate Solid Waste Management Strategies Distribution of Solid Waste Management Applications Dump of municipality %40.29 other municipalities %2.68 burning %1.37 composting plant %0.87 river discharge %0.40 dump %1.92 others %4.44 Dump of Metropolitan Municipality %15.00 sanitary landfill %33.04 (State Statistics Institute, 2001. Solid Waste.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the U.S. has set minimum standards for sanitary landfills; for example, monitoring wells need to be dug at a certain distance from the unit. This enables them to keep a check on the degree of groundwater pollution and direction of flow of any leaking leachate (liquid that comes out of solid waste) in landfills (Leao et al., 2004). As sanitary landfilling is an inevitable part of MSW (municipal solid waste) management system (Tchobanoglous et al., 1993), appropriate site selection of landf ills may play a key role in reducing the environment contamination. Landfill has become more difficult to implement, residents opposition an Solid waste landfill sites vary from state to state and may include active landfills, inactive landfills, incinerators, transfer stations, recycling facilities, and other facilities where solid waste is treated or stored.. Solid waste landfill units permitted under 329 IAC 10 that accept the treated EAFD must comply with the ground water monitoring requirements of 329 IAC 10-21 Sanitary LANDFILL is defined as a land disposal site employing an engineered method of disposing of solid wastes on land in a. Manner that minimizes environmental hazards by spreading the solid wastes to the smallest practical volume, and applying and compacting cover material at the end of each day. Creating a landfill includes planning, design, implementation, operation, monitoring and. A Brief History of Solid Waste Management in the US, 1950 to 2000 - Part 7a. H. Lanier Hickman Jr. Jan 1st, 2001. The evolution of sanitary landfills was reviewed in Parts 2 and 3 of this series. From the review of early literature and interviews with a number of landfill gas (LFG) pioneers and continuing leaders, the author concludes that.
ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT refers to the systematic administration of activities which provide for segregation at source, segregated transportation, storage, transfer, processing, treatment, and disposal of solid waste and all other waste management activities which do not harm the environment. A. COMPOSTABLE WASTES. Compostable wastes are biodegradable wastes such as food waste, garden. Sanitary Landfill Site Selection : Advertisements. Criteria for Selection of Land fill Site . Landfill site for solid wastes should be selected on following criteria: Land area and volume should be sufficient enough to provide landfill capacity so that the projected need can be fulfilled for several years. In this way the cost coming on all that procedure can be justified. The landfill site. About 65 percent of municipal waste (MW) is disposed in sanitary landfills, while the remaining is disposed in predominantly random/ illegal dumping sites that are a constant source of pollution to the Palestinian environment. Despite the success in managing to close 52 random dumping sites between 2010 and 2016, tens more still exist, taking up hundreds of dunums of land (1 dunum is 1,000. A landfill site, also known as a tip, dump, rubbish dump, garbage dump, or dumping ground, is a site for the disposal of waste materials. Landfill is the oldest and most common form of waste disposal, although the systematic burial of the waste with daily, intermediate and final covers only began in the 1940s.In the past, refuse was simply left in piles or thrown into pits; in archeology this.
The urban solid waste of the city of Indaiatuba (pop. 175 000), located in the state of São Paulo, was characterized, focusing on the recycling potential. For this purpose, collected waste was subdivided into 27 items, classified by mass and volume. About 90% of this waste was found to be potentially recyclable and only 10% requiring. Waste diversion or landfill diversion is the process of diverting waste from landfills. The success of landfill diversion can be measured by comparison of the size of the landfill from one year to the next. If the landfill grows minimally or remains the same, then policies covering landfill diversion are successful. For example, currently in the United States there are 3000 landfills. A. sanitary landfill. Definitions. omegawiki.org. An engineered method of disposing of solid waste on land in a manner that protects the environment, by spreading the waste in thin layers, compacting it to the smallest practical volume and covering it with compacted soil by the end of each working day or at more frequent intervals if necessary 2.0 Provisions of Sanitary Wastes in Solid Waste Management Rules (SWM) Rules, 2016 1 3.0 Menstrual Hygiene Management National Guidelines (December 2015) 2 4.0 Provisions of Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) in the SBM-G Guidelines, 2017 3 5.0 Current User Practices & Implementation Status 5.1 Current practices 5.2 Implementation status 5 5 5 6.0 Waste Management Options 6 7.0 Role of. For example, 60 years is considered as too long for landfills, while 10 years as too small. Thirty years design period looks appropriate; however, expert stakeholders may decide with appropriate flexibility. Establish the requirements of a landfill site. Following are important requirements of a landfill site
Municipal solid waste, commonly known as trash or garbage (US), refuse or rubbish (UK) is a waste type consisting of everyday items we consume and discard. It predominantly includes food wastes, yard wastes, containers and product packaging, and other miscellaneous inorganic wastes from residential, commercial, institutional, and industrial sources. Examples of organic wastes are newspapers. Developing or expanding a successful solid waste landfill requires extensive planning, a clear understanding of landfill engineering practices, and careful technical design and delivery. This course will guide you through the development process from start to finish. Interactive learning with group discussion and idea exchange will be emphasized
Report on Immediate Upgrades for The Pugu Kinyamwezi Landfill and Planning for Construction of Sanitary Landfills in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania . May 2017 . This report is a deliverable of Activity 4.1.5. of the CCAC Work Plan project for Dar es Salaam, implemented by the International Solid Waste Association on behalf of the Climat Department respecting the construction and operation of municipal solid waste landfills, including, but not limited to the draft Nova Scotia. Standards and Guidelines Manual for Landfills (July 1994) Latest revision - Novem ber 10, 2004 (ad ministrative amendments). Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Guidelines Approval Date: October 24, 1997 Effective Date: October 24, 1997 Approved By. Waste must be evaluated to prevent regulated quantities of hazardous waste from being disposed of in sanitary, demolition or utility waste landfills because these facilities are not permitted or designed to accept hazardous waste. Tracking special waste disposal is also important. The landfill owner or operator and the department need to know the types and quantities of special waste disposed. and operation of municipal solid waste sanitary landfills in developing countries: China case study Na Yang a, Anders Damgaard* b, Fan L ü a, c, Li-Ming Shao c, d, Line Kai-Sørensen Brogaard b, Pin-Jing He* c, d a State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092, P.R. China b.
Solid-waste management - Solid-waste management - Composting: Another method of treating municipal solid waste is composting, a biological process in which the organic portion of refuse is allowed to decompose under carefully controlled conditions. Microbes metabolize the organic waste material and reduce its volume by as much as 50 percent What does landfill mean? A disposal site where solid waste, such as paper, glass, and metal, is buried between layers of dirt and other materials.. Solid waste refers to the range of garbage materials—arising from animal and human activities—that are discarded as unwanted and useless. Solid waste is generated from industrial, residential, and commercial activities in a given area, and may be handled in a variety of ways. As such, landfills are typically classified as sanitary. The Solid Waste Planning Board is a Mayor-appointed board which is tasked with reviewing the current waste stream of the users of the landfill and investigate how it may vary in the future and analyze how current and future recycling efforts may impact the waste stream. They also assess current ordinances and statutes and recommend appropriate changes. There are two representatives on the. Sanitary landfills are considered as the dominant option for municipal solid waste disposal due to its sophisticated containment systems, environmental monitoring, improved operational practices and increased regulation. The research has numerous targets; forming a potential methane emission table in Sohar for cattles dang, and a mix of Humans waste with cattles dang based on Sohar climate.
Description of The Work: Elazığ Solid Waste Sanitary Landfill is designed for disposal of domestic solid wastes of Elazığ Municipality until 2027. The landfill area consists of 3 lots. The capacity of the landfill is 3.164.000 m3 fulfilling the requirements for the goal population of 456.475 people A sanitary landfill is a waste disposal facility where layers of compacted garbage are covered with layers of earth. When the facility reaches capacity, a cap is applied to close the site. Sanitary landfills are one of the most popular methods for disposing of waste, although they have some distinct drawbacks. This technique for waste management was developed in the 1930s, in response to. Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home1/airborne/public_html/index.php:11) in /home1/airborne/public_html/wp. waste landfill design with a Sanitary Landfill system so that it can be used as an example of calculations by other landfills. The waste that enters every day is distributed and compacted into a layer of waste cells in a work area of the landfill. Cell density is determined by the volume of solid waste in the FDS. The planned dimensions of the.
Sanitary Landfill sites where waste is isolated from the environment until it is safe. It is considered when it has completely degraded biologically, chemically and physically. In high-income countries, the level of isolation achieved may be high. However, such an expensive high level of isolation may not be technically necessary to protect public health. Four basic conditions should be met. Lesson 5: Evaluating a Potential Sanitary Landfill Site. This is the fifth lesson in the independent learning correspondence course on municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills. One lesson in this 12. Looking at the financial aspects and taking the Three Gorges District as an example, the projected costs in terms of capital investment for a 120 tonnes/day landfill would be >RMB50 (€4.6) per tonne of waste. For a five tonnes/day landfill, the cost would be >RMB100 (€9) per tonne. Considering the additional costs of operation and the fact that the actual waste intake is less than the.
wastes and the material for landfill cover. Wastes may include scraps of paper, plastics and met-als, packing, spent tires, textile products, build-ing materials, ashes from municipal solid waste incinerators, polluted terrain from environment reclamation, etc. (Heralová, 2017) (the amount of waste landfilled in years 2015 and 201 In Azerbaijan, World Bank loans supported the rehabilitation of the main landfill site and establishment of a state-owned waste management company, increasing the population served by the formal solid waste management system from 53% in 2008 to 74% in 2012. Support also led to further sustainable waste management practices, helping achieve a 25% recycling and reuse rate For example in a sanitary landfill, Compaction Density is affected by type of cover, the initial moisture content of the waste, type of landfill compactors used, number of passes by the landfill compactors, where it is measured (e.g. on side slopes), etc. Compaction in a sanitary landfill can be measured by multiple means, including aerial surveys, GIS etc. During collection, greater. ing of solid waste on land. As such, landfills are required to protect the environment by spreading waste into thin layers and compacting them into the smallest prac-tical volume. By day's end, all waste is then covered with earth. Transfer sta-tions have their own regulations. They are required to have their floors clear of all waste by the end of the working day. GO PUBLIC WITH PLANS.Unfor.
storage containers, carpet fibers, and absorbent sanitary prod-ucts. Some polymers in consumer products that reach land-fills are designed to photodegrade or biodegrade. This article examines the significance of degradable polymers in man-agement of solid waste in municipal landfills. Most landfills are not designed to photodegrade or biodegrade solid waste. Landfill disposal of stable. Municipal solid waste landfill (MSWLF): A discrete area of land or an excavation that receives household waste, and that is not a land application unit, surface impoundment, injection well, or waste pile, as those terms are defined in the law. (Household waste includes any solid waste, including garbage, trash, and septic tank waste derived from houses, apartments, hotels, motels, campgrounds. Environmental impact assessment on the construction and operation of municipal solid waste sanitary landfills in developing countries: China case study Waste Manag. 2014 May;34(5):929-37. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2014.02.017. Epub 2014 Mar 20. Authors Na Yang 1 , Anders Damgaard 2 , Fan Lü 3 , Li-Ming Shao 4 , Line Kai-Sørensen Brogaard 5 , Pin-Jing He 6 Affiliations 1 State Key Laboratory of. The new generation of sanitary landfills have to comply with a certain level of standards and regulation in order to make sure the environment & ground water are fully protected from the contamination generated by the storage of our own solid waste. Therefore the construction of a landfill is a lengthy, complex and costly process. Considering the level of investment, it is critical for its. For example, the returnable glass container or bottles are being replaced by non-returnable cans, plastic containers, plastic bottles etc. Since packaging materials like those made from plastic and non-biodegradable, they are largely responsible for causing solid waste pollution . Effect of Solid Waste Pollution Solid waste can pollute air, water and soil, and leave various environmental.
Posts about sanitary landfill sites written by philbrighty. Despite a number of concerns, ( check out my earlier blog for details ) the proposed development of a sanitary landfill site at Aruwakkalu close to Puttalam up on the west coast is going ahead and Colombo will have a short term solution at least to its garbage problem. The site at Aruwakkalu ( a disused limestone quarry) will cover 45. This design serves to protect the environment from contaminants which may be present in the municipal solid waste. The landfill siting plan, which prevents the siting of landfills in environmentally sensitive areas, as well as on-site environmental monitoring systems, which monitor for any sign of groundwater contamination and for landfill gas, provide additional safeguards. Outdoor Activities.